Argentine Birds

                 por Jorge Martín Spinuzza

                                                                                                                          

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                     Passeriformes


    SUBORDEN TYRANNI (SUBOSCINES)

     Includes birds are not songbirds, characterized by having two pairs of muscles in the body or voice "syrinx." Her singing is simple, inherited and with little geographical variation


    FURNARIIDAE

    Ovenbirds, Woodcreepers. In Argentina there are 90 species of this family. Colouring predominantly brown, modest. Beak fine without apical hook. Wing short and rounded. Male and female alike.

     They build large nests closed, sticks, mud, etc..or nest in caves, ravines, hollows. Place between 2 and 5 egg whites (rarely green). They feed on insects
.


    THAMNOPHILIDAE

    Typical Antbirds. 24 species in Argentina. Usually hidden passive , trusting. Recall furnáridos, more colorful. Beak robust with apical hook. Wing short and rounded. Male and female usually different.

     Nest in bushes at low altitudes. They spotted two or three eggs. They feed on ants, termites and insects.


    RHINOCRYPTIDAE    FAMILY DID NOT PAMPEANA

    Tapaculos. Nine species in Argentina. Terrestrial. Strong Voices. They run fast. Hide. Robust. Tail upright. Head large. Wing short. Tarsus long.

     Nest low altitude, rocks, hollow logs, etc. Place two or three egg whites. They feed on eggs and larvae of insects.


Familia MELANOPAREIIDAE    FAMILY DID NOT PAMPEANA

CRESCENTCHESTS. One specie in Argentina. Bushy. Hidden. Colorful.

 It nests in bushes and low trees. Put two or three white eggs. They eat grubs and insects.


    COTINGIDAE        FAMILY DID NOT PAMPEANA

    Cotingas. Five species in Argentina. Passive . Beak width with apical hook. Flamboyant plumage. Voices shouting and strong.

     Nest in jungles. Place 4 eggs until stained. They feed mainly on insects


      PHYTOTOMIDAE

    Plantcutters. Two species in Argentina. Voice hoarse as bullets. Beak short, thick with sawn edges. Wing short and rounded. Male and female different.

     Nest in bushes at low altitudes. Place 4 eggs until stained. They feed on buds and fruit.

    Currently include these species in the Family Cotingidae


     TITYRIDAE: It includes about ten species of taxonomic classification still uncertain, as the Pachyramphus (Becard), Tityra, Xenopsaris and Schiffornis.

Some authors include these species in the family Tyrannidae


    PIPRIDAE        FAMILY DID NOT PAMPEANA

    Manakins. Six species in Argentina. Jungle. Liabilities. Stocky with short tail and big head. Pico wide and short. Plumage in males and olive in females. Strong and varied voices. Complex wedding party together (several males together).


     They nest at low altitude. Lay 2 eggs tainted. They feed on small fruits, seeds and insects.


INCERTAE SEDIS

They are located within this group some "tyrannoid" uncertain taxonomic classification, belonging to the genera Phibalura, Calyptura and Piprites.


  TYRANNIDAE

    Tyrant, Flycatchers. 127 species in Argentina. Beak generally fine with vibrissae and apical hook. Wing and tarsi long. Male and female alike.

     Frequent all kinds of terrain. Nest in trees, shrubs, rushes or holes in the ground. They feed on insects. They usually hunt with elastic flight.


SUBORDEN PASSERES (OSCINES)  

    Includes bird songbirds, characterized by possessing between 5 and 7 pairs of muscles in the syrinx. Her singing is more complex, inherited or learned and geographical variations, as "dialects".


     HIRUNDINIDAE

    Swallows, Martins. Fifteen species in Argentina. Gregarious. Flight agile, quick, well planned. Most migratory. Neck , short legs and beak. Wing long and sharp.

     They usually nest in colonies. They build the nest in ravines, hollows, and so on. They three to five eggs. They feed on insects that hunt in flight


    CORVIDAE    FAMILY DID NOT PAMPEANA

    Jays. Three species in Argentina. Gregarious. Bullangueras. Trust. Colors showy predominantly blue. Beak robust with bristles on narinas. Taila eventually rounded.


     Nest in trees. Multiple eggs, stained. They are omnivorous, and eat fruits, grains, insects, earthworms, eggs and nestlings of other birds, and so on.


   CINCLIDAE    FAMILY DID NOT PAMPEANA

    Dippers. A single species in Argentina. Body rounded. Tarsus long. Wings and tail short. Waterfowl. Submersibles. Flights short on watercourses.
 
     Nest in rocks on the water. Place several white eggs. They feed on small aquatic insects and mollusks.


   TROGLODYTIDAE

    Wrens. Five species in Argentina. Small, Restless, trusting. Flight short. Colouring modest. Singing varied. Beak fine, something long and curved. Tail short, erect. Tarsus and sturdy fingers.


     Nest in hollow, empty containers, etc.. They spotted several eggs. They feed on insects and spiders.


  DONACOBIIDAE

Donacobius. One species in Argentina. Colorful. Trowel. Strong beak. Confident. strong voices.
 
Nest in reeds. They feed on insects and larvae  
 


MOTACILLIDAE

    Pipits. Eight species in Argentina. Terrestrial, mimétics, walking. In time bridal rise and fall in planning, singing. Ridged. Very similar to each other. Beak fine, straight. Wing long and sharp. Nail finger back long.

     Nest on the ground. Place 3 or 4 eggs stained. They feed on insects, grubs, worms


    MIMIDAE

    Mockingbirds. Four species in Argentina. Singing very varied, imitating. Slim. Beak thin, slightly curved. Wing short and rounded. Tail eventually erect.

     Nest in trees and shrubs at low altitudes. Three to five eggs stained green. They feed on insects, grubs, worms and fruit.


    TURDIDAE

    Thrushes. Ten species in Argentina. Balanced with the tail wings somewhat low. Recall calendering, but not imitate. Melodie. More robust, something terrestrial, usually hidden. Without difference between the sexes. From tarsi strong, long wings and acute. Beak almost straight.

     Nest in trees and shrubs at low altitudes. The nest is hemispherical vegetable fibers, mud and moss. Get three eggs green, stained. They feed on insects and fruits


    POLIOPTILIDAE

    Gnatcatchers. Ten species in Argentina. Balance the tail with the two species in our country. Restless, acrobatic. In trees and shrubs. Small. Beak long, thin, straight. Tail upright long, short wings. Gorjeo pleasant.

     Build a nest very mullido in branches of trees and shrubs. Place 3 or 4 eggs celestial. They feed on insects, spiders, grubs, etc.


    VIREONIDAE

    Vireos, Greenlets. Three species in Argentina. Tree. Often hidden. Singing continuous, pleasant, strong. Back greenish. Male and female alike.

     Nest in trees. Build a nest hemispherical place where 3 or 4 eggs stained. They feed on insects and spiders


    PARULIDAE

    New World Warblers. Ten species in Argentina. Assets. Acrobat. Small. Coloring. Beak fine and straight. Tail rounded.

     Nest in trees and shrubs. Stained place up to four eggs. They feed on larvae and insects.


   THRAUPIDAE

    Tanagers. This family was 24 species in Argentina (Orchard and tangaraes). Recently it has been included in several genus previously considered Emberizidae (Sicalis, Phrygilus, Sporophila, etc.).
Flamboyant plumage. Male and female
different.  Beak robust and tapered. Wing acute. Melodie.

     They build the nest in trees or bushes. Place 2 to 4 eggs stained. They feed on fruits, insects occasionally,
seeds and grains.


   INCERTAE SEDIS 

Fall within this group some species whose taxonomic status is still uncertain, such as
 Saltator, and Many-Coloured Chaco-Finch.


 EMBERIZIDAE

    Emberizid Finches. Recently several genus of this family (Sicalis, Phrygilus, Sporophila, etc.) Integrate the tanager family. Gregarious. Beak robust, short and conical. Striking plumage, generally differentiated sexes.

     They build the nest in trees, shrubs, soil and abandoned nests of other birds. The eggs are white or stained. They feed on seeds and grains


   CARDINALIDAE

   Grosbeaks. 6 species live in Argentina. They usually included among the Emberizidae. Beak robust, short and conical. Inhabit forests and woodlands.

     They build the nest in trees and shrubs, eggs are white or stained. They feed on grains, fruits and seeds


   FRINGILLIDAE

    Cardueline Finches. Seven species in our country. Recall Emberizidae. Beak longer and acute. Gregarious. Singing pleasant. Striking plumage, yellow and black.

     Nest in trees or bushes. Place 2 to 4 eggs. They feed on grains, seeds, fruit.


    ICTERIDAE

    Orioles, Blackbirds. 32 species in Argentina. Flock. Noisy. Showy plumage with predominantly black. Beak tapered, straight and sharp. Tarsus and strong fingers.

     Some are pests, other bulky build nests, others hanging. Multiple eggs stained. They feed on insects, larvae, fruits, seeds, etc..


    PASSERIDAE (Ploceidae)            FAMILY INTRODUCED

    Sparrows. One species, introduced in Argentina. Peridomestic. Flock. Noisy. Beak short, robust and tapered.

     Nest in trees, shrubs, hollow. Multiple eggs stained. They feed on seeds, grains and insects


    STURNIDAE            FAMILY INTRODUCED

        Starlings, Mynas. Two species, introduced in Argentina. From urban areas. Flock. Beak tapered, straight and sharp as jaundice. Terrestrial.

     Nest in hollow. The eggs are smooth. They feed on insects, larvae, seeds, fruits, etc.


  


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