Argentine Birds

                      por Jorge Martín Spinuzza

                                                                                                                                     

Geology Flora and Fauna Environment Ecoregions Why Birds...? Endangered...! Preservation
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                                Endangered Birds...!!!

The constant damage of a great number of species’ habitat is the main threat for their extinction.

  The deforestation of mounts and jungle, mainly in our Yungas in order to gain fields for the cultivation; the Indiscriminate deforestation of the Paranaense jungle and its replacement for wood supplying exotic species; the Pampas grassland replaced by cultivation and human location, are some of the most dramatic examples in the transformation and damage of the environment.

  The marine birds are also victim of accidental hunting due to the fishing activity which is very common in our southern seas.
 


GLOBALLY THEREATENED SPECIES

    In a global scale the 12% of bird species are in Endangered (1,186 out of 9800). In Argentina, the nearly 1,000 species present, 19 species are "critically endangered", 52 "endangered", 88 are "threatened" and 103 are considered "vulnerable." Only 72% of species in our country are considered as "not threatened".


 ENDANGERED SPECIES...!!!

    The illegal trade of flora and fauna species is one of the main causes of their extinction. It yields million of dollars to those who are in the illegal traffic of wild species, and it has been the main concern of Governments and Conservation Organizations for years.

     In 1975, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, known with the acronym  
   
CITES, was created. Its aim is to avoid the international trade of endangered species. For that a number of Appendixes were
    written in which are listed these species and their grade of vulnerability. At the present, there are 165 countries which have
    joined as members to the Convention. Argentina joined in 1981.
                                


ENDEMIC SPECIES

    In Argentina there are 16 endemic species. They are those which only live inside our country. This unique richness has been bequeathed to us and it has to be our main concern to preserve them. For that, it is necessary to protect the environment that shelters these species. (See List)


    ENDANGERED SPECIES                                                                              

    The Global Program about Endangered Species of BirdLife International gathers information about globally endangered species and offers solutions for their preservation, becoming countries at different decision levels aware of adopting measures for their sustainability.

The natural rate of extinction of birds is one species per century. Only in the last thirty years, 21 species of birds have become extinct. Currently, 190 are classified as Critically Endangered and are on the brink of extinction. Without immediate action, many of them will not be here in ten years.
Access Preventing Extinctions of BirdLife International.

 The "Categorización de las Aves Argentinas, segun su estado de conservación" includes species "critically endangered", "endangered", "
threatened", "vulnerable", "no threat" and "insufficiently known". Birds that are located in the first category may disappear in coming years unless we take urgent action for conservation.

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED SPECIES

HOODE GREBE (Podiceps gallardoi)
SPECTACLED PETREL (Procellaria conspicillata)
BRAZILIAN MERGANSER (Mergus octosetaceus)
RUDDY-HEADED GOOSE (Chloephaga rubidiceps)
ORINOCO GOOSE (Neochen jubata)
CRESTED EAGLE (Morphnus guianensis)
HARPY EAGLE (Harpia harpyja)
ESKIMO CURLEW (Numenius borealis)
PURPLE-WINGED GROUND-DOVE (Claravis godefrida)
GLAUCOUS MACAW (Anodorhynchus glaucus)
MILITARY MACAW (Ara militaris)
RED-AND-GREEN MACAW (Ara chloropterus)
RED-SPECTACLED AMAZON (Amazona pretrei)
VINACEUS-BREASTED PARROT (Amazona vinacea)

BLUE-WINGED MACAW (Primolius maracana)
MOTTLED PICULET (Picumnus nebulosus)
BLACK-CAPPED PIPRITES (Piprites pileata)
COCK-TAILED TYRANT (Alectrurus tricolor)
WHITE-COLLARED SEEDEATER (Sporophila zelichi)

 

    ENDANGERED SPECIES                                                                                                                            up

UNDULATED TINAMOU (Crypturellus undulatus) 
TRISTAN ALBATROSS (Diomedea dabbenena)
SALVIN'S ALBATROSS (
Thalassarche salvini)
BROAD-BILLED PRION (Pachyptila vittata)
CORY'S SHEARWATER (Calonectris diomedea)
GRAY-BACKED STORN-PETREL (Garrodia nereis)

ATLANTIC PETREL (Pterodroma incerta)
GUANAY CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax bougainvilli)

ANDEAN FLAMINGO (Phoenicoparrus andinus)
PUNA FLAMINGO (Phoenicoparrus jamesi)
FASCIATED TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma fasciatum paliescens)
BLACK HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus tyrannus)
BLACK-AND-CHESTNUT EAGLE (
Spizaetus isidori)
CROWNED EAGLE (Harpyhaliaetus coronatus)
SOLITARY EAGLE (Harpyhaliaetus solitarius)
GRAY-BELLIED HAWK (
Accipiter poliogaster)
STRIATED CARACARA (Phalcoboenus australis)
BLACK-FRONTED PIPING-GUAN (Pipile jacutinga)
RED-FACED GUAN (
Penelope dabbenei)
BARE-FACED CURASSOW (Crax fasciolata)  
AUSTRAL RAIL (Rallus antarcticus)
MAGELLANIC PLOVER (Pluvianellus socialis)
RED KNOT (Calidris canutus)
FUEGIAN SNIPE (Gallinago stricklandii)

LEAST NIGHTHAWK (Chordeiles pusillus)
SICKLE-WINGED NIGHTJAR (Eleothreptus anomalus)
WEDGE-TAILED HILLSTAR (Oreotrochilus adela)
HELMETED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus galeatus)
TAWNY TIT-SPINETAIL (Leptasthenura yanacensis)
CANEBRAKE GROUNDCREEPER (Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides)

WHITE-BEARDED ANTSHRIKE (Biatas nigropectus)
BARE-THROATED BELBIRD (Procnias nudicollis)
SWALLOW-TAILED COTINGA
(Phibalura flavirostris)
SHARP-TAILED GRASS-TYRANT (Culicivora caudacuta)     
SAO PAULO TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes paulista)
BROWN-BREASTED PYGMY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus obsoletus)
BLACK-AND-WHITE MONJITA (Xolmis dominicanus)
SALINAS MONJITA (Neoxolmis salinarum)
WHITE-TAILED SHRIKE-TYRANT (Agriornis albicauda)

STRANGE-TAILED TYRANT (Alectrurus risora)
OCHRE-BREASTED PIPIT (Anthus nattereri)

PLUSHCAP (Catamblyrhynchus diadema)
YELLOW CARDINAL (Gubernatrix cristata)
BLACK-MASKED-FINCH (Coryphaspiza melanotis)
RUFOUS-RUMPED SEEDEATER (Sporophila hypochroma)
BUFFY-FRONTED SEEDEATER (Sporophila frontalis)
TEMMINCH'S SEEDEATER (Sporophila falcirostris)
CHESTNUT SEEDEATER (Sporophila cinnamomea)
MARSH SEEDEATER (Sporophila palustris)
WHITE-BRIDLED FINCH (Melanodera melanodera)
SAFFRON-COWLED BLACKBIRD (Xanthopsar flavus)
PAMPAS MEADOWLARK (Sturnella defilippii)


        THREATENED SPECIES                                                                                                                    
up

GREATER RHEA (Rhea americana)
DARWIN'S RHEA (Pterocnemia pennata) ó (Rhea pennata)
SOLITARY TINAMOU (Tinamus solitarius)
QUEBRACHO CRESTED-TINAMOU
(Eudromia formosa)
PATAGONIAN TINAMOU (Tinamotis ingoufi)
EMPEROR PENGUIN
(Aptenodytes forsteri)
WANDERING ALBATROSS (Diomedea exulans)
ROYAL ALBATROSS (Diomedea epomophora)
NORTHERN ROYAL ALBATROSS
(Diomedea sanfordi)
SOOTY ALBATROSS (Phoebetria fusca)
WHITE-HEADED PETREL (
Pterodroma lessonii)
BLUE PETREL (Halobaena caerulea)
WESTLAND PETREL (Procellaria westlandica)
FAIRY PRION (Pachyptila turtur)

WHITE-BELLIED STORM-PETREL (Fregetta grallaria)
MANX SHEARWATHER (Puffinus puffinus)
SOUTH GEORGIA DIVING-PETREL (Pelecanoides georgicus)
SOUTH GEORGIA SHAG (Phalacrocorax georgianus)
ROCK CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax magellanicus) 
RED LEGGED CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax gaimardi)
ANTARTIC SHAG (Phalacrocorax bransfieldensis)
PUNA IBIS (Plegadis ridgwayi)  
MUSCOVY DUCK (Cairina moschata)

COMB DUCK (Sarkidiornis melanotos)
ASHY-HEADED GOOSE (Chloephaga poliocephala)
BRONZE WINGED DUCK (Speculanas specularis)
TORRENT DUCK (Merganetta armata)
CHUBUT STEAMER-DUCK (Tachyeres leucocephalus)
FUEGUIAN STEAMER-DUCK (Tachyeres pteneres)
FALKLAND STEAMER-DUCK (Tachyeres brachypterus)
ORNATE HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus ornatus)
RUFOUS-TAILED HAWK (Buteo ventralis)
WHITE-THROATED HAWK (Buteo albigula)
WHITE-RUMPED HAWK (Buteo leucorrhous)

TINY HAWK (Accipiter superciliosus)  
ORANGE-BREASTED FALCON (Falco deiroleucus)
WHITE-THROATED CARACARA (Phalcoboenus albogularis)
DUSKY-LEGGED GUAN (Penelope obscura)
HORNED COOT (Fulica cornuta)

DIADEMED SANDPIPER-PLOVER (Phegornis mitchellii)
BUFF-BREASTED SANDPIPER (Tryngites subruficollis)
SOUTH POLAR SKUA (Stercorarius maccormicki)
OLROG'S GULL (Larus atlanticus)  
LEAST TERN (Sternula antillarum)
PEACH-FRONTED PARAKEET (Aratinga aurea)

NANDAY PARAKEET (Nandayus neanday)
ALDER PARROT (Amazona tucumana)
BLACK-BANDED OWL (Ciccaba huhula)
MOTTLED OWL (Ciccaba virgata)
CHACO OWL (Strix chacoensis)
LONG-TUFTED SCREECH-OWL (Megascops sanctaecatarinae)
STYGIAN OWL (Asio stygius)
OCELLATED POORWILL (Nyctiphrynus ocellatus)
LYRE-TAILED NIGHTJAR (Uropsalis lyra)
SPOT-BILLED TOUCANET (Selenidera maculirostris)
SAFFRON TOUCANET (Baillonius bailloni)  
AMETHYST WOODSTAR (Calliphlox amethystina)
BLACK-BODIED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus schulzi)

CRIMSON-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Campephilus melanoleucos)
BLACKSIN CINCLODES (Cinclodes antarcticus)
STRAIGHT-BILLED REEDHAUNTER (Limnoctites rectirostris)
ARAUCARIA TIT-SPINETAIL (Leptasthenura setaria)
SCRIBBLE-TAILED CANASTERO (Asthenes maculicauda)
MAQUIS CANASTERO (Asthenes heterura)
WHITE-BROWED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia amaurotis)
SHARPBILL (Oxyruncus cristatus)
CHESTNUT-THROATED HUET-HUET (Pteroptochos castaneu)
OCHRE-FLANKED TAPACULO (Eugralla paradoxa)
RUFOUS-TAILED ATTILA (Attila phoenicurus)
SHEAR-TAILED GRAY TYRANT (Muscipipra vetula)
DINELLI'S DORADITO (Pseudocolopteryx dinelliana)
AZURE JAY (Cyanocorax caeruleus) 
YELLOW-LEGGED THRUSH (Turdus flavipes)  
RUFOUS-THROATED DIPPER (Cinclus schulzi)

GREEN-THROATED EUPHONIA (Euphonia chalybea)
YELLOW-STRIPED BRUSH-FINCH (Atlapetes citrinellus)
BLACKISH-BLUE SEEDEATER (Amaurospiza moesta)
STRIPE-TAILED YELLOW-FINCH (Sicalis citrina)
BOLIVIAN WARBLING-FINCH (Poospiza boliviana)
TUCUMAN MOUNTAIN-FINCH (Poospiza baeri)
CAPPED SEEDEATER (Sporophila bouvreuil)
SOOTY GRASSQUIT (Tiaris fuliginosus)
SHORT-TAILED FINCH (Idiopsar brachyurus)
THICK-BILLED SALTATOR (Saltator maxillosus)
RUFOUS-BELLIED SALTATOR (Saltador rufiventris)
BOBOLINK (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)
GRAY-CRESTED FINCH (Lophospingus griseocristatus)

    VULNERABLE SPECIES                                                                                                                         up

KING PENGUIN (Aptenodytes patagonicus) 
ROCKHOPPER PENGUIN (Eudyptes chrysocome)
MAGELLANIC PENGUIN (Spheniscus magellanicus)
ELEGANT CRESTED-TINAMOU (Eudromia elegans)
YELLOW-NOSED ALBATROSS (Thalassarche chlororhynchos)
GRAY-HEADED ALBATROSS (Thalassarche chrysostoma)
BLACK-BROWED ALBATROSS (Thalassarche melanophrys)
WHITE-CAPPED ALBATROS (Thalassarche cauta)

LIGHT-MANTLED ALBATROSS (Phoebetria palpebrata)

SOUTHERN GIAN PETREL (Macronectes giganteus)
NORTHERN GIANT-PETREL (Macronectes halli)
WHITE-CHINED PETREL (Procellaria aequinoctialis)
GREAT SHEARWATER (Puffinus gravis)
SOFT-PLUMAGED PETREL (Pterodroma mollis)
GRAY PETREL (Procellaria cinerea)
ANTARCTIC PETREL (Thalassoica antarctica)
ANTARCTIC PRION (Pachyptila desolata)
SLENDER-BILLED PRION (Pachyptila belcheri)
WHITE-FACED STORN-PETREL (Pelagodroma marina)
MAGELLANIC DIVING-PETREL Pelecanoides magellani)
COMMON DIVING-PETREL (Pelecanoides urinatrix)
BLUE-EYED CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax atriceps)
FASCIATED TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma fasciatum fasciatum)
BOAT-BILLED HERON (Cochlearius cochlearia)
JABIRÚ (Jabiru mycteria)
KELP GOOSE (Chloephaga hybrida)

UPLAND GOOSE (Chloephaga picta)
ANDEAN GOOSE (Chloephaga melanoptera)
ANDEAN CONDOR (Vultur gryphus)
BLACK-AND-WHITE HAWK-EAGLE (Spizastur melanoleucus) 
SWAINSON'S HAWK (Buteo swainsoni)
GRAY HAWK (Buteo nitidus)
COLLARED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur semitorquatus)  
SPOT-WINGED FALCONET (Spiziapteryx circumcinctus)
RUSTY-MARGINED GUAN (Penelope superciliaris)
SPOT-WINGED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus capueira)
DOT-WINGED CRAKE (Porzana spiloptera)
SUNGREBE (Heliornis fulica)
RUFOUS-CHESTED DOTTEREL (Charadrius modestus)
UPLAND SADPIPER (Bartramia longicauda)
WHITE-BELLIED SEEDSNIPE (Attagis malouinus)
PALE-FACED SHEATHBIL (Chionis alba)
POMARINE SKUA (Stercorarius pomarinus)
CHILEAN PIGEON (Patagioenas]araucana)
SCALED PIGEON (Patagioenas speciosa)
MORENO'S GROUND DOVE (Metriopelia morenoi)
BARE-FACED GROUND DOVE (Metriopelia cecilliae)
VIOLACEUS QUAIL-DOVE (Geotrygon violacea)
CANARY-WINGED PARAKEET (Brotogeris chiriri)
BLACK-CAPPED SCREECH-OWL (Megascops atricapilla)
TAWNY-BROWED OWL (Pulsilatrix koeniswaldiana)
RUSTY-BARRED OWL (Strix hylophila)
RUFOUS-LEGGED OWL (Strix rufipes)
LONG-TAILED POTOO (Nyctibius aethereus)
SILKY-TAILED NIGHTJAR (Caprimulgus sericocaudatus)
SOOTY SWIFT (Cypseloides fumigatus)
BLUE-CAPPED PUFFLEG (Eriocnemis glaucopoides)
WHITE-TAILED GOLDENTHROAT (Polytmus guainumbi) 
WHITE-BROWED WOODPECKER (Piculus aurulentus)
STRIPED WOODPECKER (Picoides lignarius) 
OCELLATED PICULET (Picumnus dorbignyanus)
MAGELLANIC WOODPECKER (Campephilus magellanicus)
SHORT-BILLED MINER
(Geositta antarctica)
PLAIN-BREASTED EARTHCREEPER (Upucerthia jelskii)
OLROG'S CINCLODES (Cinclodes olrogi)
SIERRAN CINCLODES (Cinclodes comechingonus)
CURVE-BILLED REEDHAUNTER (Limnornis curvirostris)
BAY-CAPPED WREN-SPINETAIL (Spartonoica maluroides)
DES MURS'S WIRETAIL (Sylviorthorhynchus desmursii)
STEINBACH'S CANASTERO (Asthenes steinbachi)
HUDSON'S CANASTERO (Asthenes hudsoni)
WHITE THROATHED CACHOLOTE (Pseudoseisura gutturalis)
SHARP-BILLED TREEHUNTER (Heliobletus contaminatus)
WHITE-THROATED TREERUNNER (Pygarrhichas albogularis)
BLACK-CAPPED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Philydor atricapillus)
STREAK-CAPPED ANTWREN (Terenura maculata)
RUFOUS-TAILED ANTTHRUSH (Chamaeza ruficauda)
WHITE-THROATED ANTPITTA (Grallaria albigula)
SPECKLE-BREASTED ANTPITTA (Hylopezus nattereri)
SANDY GALLITO (Teledromas fuscus)
SPOTTED BAMBOOWREN (Psilorhamphus guttatus)
TAPACULO (Scytalopus pachecoi)
WHITE-BEARDED MANAKIN (Manacus manacus)
RUSTY-BACKED MONJITA (Neoxolmis rubetra)
RUFOUS-WEBBED BUSH-TYRANT (Polioxolmis rufipennis)
STREAMER-TAILED TYRANT (Gubernetes yetapa)
HUDSON'S BLACK-TYRANT (Knipolegus hudsoni)
SWAINSON'S FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus swainsoni)
BAY-RINGED TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes sylviolus)
BEARDED TACHURÍ (Polysticus pectoralis)
BUFF-BANDED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus hellmayri)
CREAMY-BELLIED GNATCACHER (Polioptila lactea)
GLAUCOUS-BLUE GROSBEAK (Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea)
RUFOUS-RUMPED SEEDEATER (Sporophila hypochroma)
DARK-THROATED SEEDEATER (Sporophila ruficollis)
CITRON-HEADED YELLOW-FINCH (Sicalis luteocephala)
RED-BACKED SIERRA-FINCH (Phrygilus dorsalis)
UNIFORM FINCH (Haplospiza unicolor)
CINNAMON WARBLING-FINCH (Poospiza ornata)
LESSER GRASS-FINCH (Emberizoides ypiranganus)
THICK-BILLED SISKIN (Carduelis crassirostris)
ORANGE-BACKED TROUPIAL (Icterus croconotus)
SCARLET-HEADED BLACKBIRD (Amblyramphus holosericeus)

NO THREAT SPECIES                                                                                                                                      up

Included in this cateória species that when drawing up the report had not worthy of conservation issues to be addressed. In total 725 species of Argentine birds were in such a situation by 2008.

       INSUFFICIENTLY KNOWN SPECIES                                                                                                             up

Seventeen species have been classified as insufficiently known and therefore can not be classified according to general criteria.


     ENDEMIC SPECIES*                                                                                                                                   up

1- SOUTH GEORGIA CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax georgianus)
2- FALKLAND STEAMERDUCK (Tachyeres brachypterus)
3-
CHUBUT STEAMER-DUCK (Tachyeres leucocephalus)
4-
MORENO'S GROUND DOVE (Metriopelia morenoi)
5-
BUFF-BREASTED EARTHCREEPER (Upucerthia validirostris)
6-
SIERRAN CINCLODES (Cinclodes comechingonus)
7-
STEINBACH'S CANASTERO (Asthenes steinbachi)
8-
PATAGÓNIAN CANASTERO (Asthenes patagonica)
9-
WHITE THROATHED CACHOLOTE (Pseudoseisura gutturalis)
10-
SANDY GALLITO (Teledromas fuscus)
11-
RUSTY-BACKED MONJITA (Neoxolmis rubetra)
12-
SALINAS MONJITA (Neoxolmis salinarum)
13- COBB'S WREN (Troglodytes cobbi)
14- SOUTH GEORGIA PIPIT (Anthus antarcticus)
15-
YELLOW-STRIPED BRUSH-FINCH (Atlapetes citrinellus)
16-
CARBONATED SIERRA-FINCH (Phrygilus carbonarius)

*According Mazar Barnett y Pearman en Lista Comentada de las Aves Argentinas


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